Laying temperature of Asphalt

April 14, 2019
Laying asphalt requires more

Ambient (air) conditions, base (aggregate and existing asphalt) temperatures, and hot blended asphalt temperatures are important to acquiring compaction and durability associated with recently paved areas and patches.

Hot blended asphalt is made at conditions between 270°F and 325°F. Depending on the ecological problems as well as the length from the hot-mix plant into project, hot-mix asphalt can lose between 5°F and 25°F.

The heat associated with the combine from the base after it's passed away through laydown machine – maybe not the mix or production temperature – is the most essential element in identifying the available time for compaction. Hot-mix asphalt pavement arrives at a project at conditions between 275°F and 300°F and is put in on the current base by technical techniques (laydown machines).

In the event that environment and base temperatures are colder than needed or specified, then the asphalt pavement will cool too fast, causing it to set up and which makes it very difficult to get the needed or specified compacted thickness.

Thin pavement layers will cool faster than thicker layers, and may the beds base or ambient heat be low, the hot mix asphalt will cool quicker, density won’t be performed, plus the plot will ravel and break apart. On paving and overlay projects, in the event that hot mix asphalt pavement cools too quickly, the complete area will ravel making a rough, rugged area in a short span of time. This not just leads to an unhealthy surface, it leads to a surface that will keep water, decreasing the life of the pavement or even the area by accelerating the raveling process. It is very important observe all temperatures (ambient, base, and hot-mix asphalt) and wind velocity through the paving process.

Ambient Temperature

You can find three basic tips to checking conditions to make sure an excellent and successful paving and patching project. The initial step is keeping track of the ambient temperature.

Finding out about the expected high and reasonable temperatures for the day of paving, including keeping track of the ambient heat during the work hours, is very important to starting and keeping a fruitful finished paving task. The normal requirement is the fact that ambient temperature should really be 50°F and increasing on a paving or patching task.

It is also vital that you determine the projected wind velocity for the day of paving. If you find wind, the temperature associated with hot-mix asphalt pavement will sweet quicker than normal. The greater the wind velocity the faster the hot mix asphalt will cool.

It's also important to remember that any precipitation decrease the temperature associated with the hot mix asphalt, that may hamper the efforts to ultimately achieve the needed compaction.

Base Heat

Air temperature is an issue in cooling hot mix asphalt pavement, however the base or ground heat is much more critical. The next action is base or ground temperature. Monitoring the base (ground or existing pavement) temperatures is accomplished with an infrared thermometer (bought at a guitar socket, Sears, Home Depot, etc.) to assure the bottom heat is 50°F and increasing.

HMA Heat

The last action is examining the temperature of the hot mix asphalt before installing it regarding base. This should be accomplished by using the temperature associated with pavement within the haul truck, at the front associated with the laydown device, and behind the screed (after the laydown machine has passed). In addition, wind will cool off the hot-mix asphalt extremely quickly after it's been added to the beds base so caution is taken whenever paving on windy times and break up rolling will have to be adjusted for the aftereffects of wind velocity.

If base or background temperature is not going to achieve the minimal temperature requirement, you are taking the opportunity of experiencing a failure end product where pavement will ravel and break apart.

Likewise, cold-delivered asphalt blend will also cause the pavement to ravel and break apart. Should the pavement cool too soon and drop below 220°F prior to the preliminary or breakdown rolling, failure will happen due to the fact hot-mix asphalt has actually set together with needed compaction (95per cent laboratory control) can't be attained.

Pavement heat is vital on roller operators to let all of them know if they need to do the original or description rolling. Monitoring temperatures and wind velocity are particularly important when setting up an innovative new surface or whenever patching (especially epidermis or area patching) on a current paved surface.

The University of Minnesota therefore the Minnesota division of transport allow us a program called “Cool Pave” which can be used to look for the timeframe a specialist has to achieve the digest rolling and attain needed density.

Dining table A (web page 14) reveals the time a specialist must achieve preliminary thickness and compaction with ambient conditions including 50°F to 90°F, base conditions which range from 50°F to 80°F and mix conditions of 250°F and 300°F. Also a wind velocity of 5 mph is figured in to the compaction time.

Thomas McDonald is partner/owner of PMIS (Pavement Maintenance Information Source) and coauthor of help guide to Pavement repair, offered through or through Tom and coauthor Patrick McDonald may be presenting two workshops at nationwide Pavement Expo, Feb. 15-18, 2012 in Memphis, TN. To find out more including detailed seminar information check out are achieved via email at or visit their site

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